Reglement, Termine, Historie: Alles, was ihr zu den Relegationsspielen zwischen Bremen und Heidenheim sowie Nürnberg und dem FC Ingolstadt wissen. Für Düsseldorf ist es der sechste Bundesliga-Abstieg nach , , , und Der Klub hatte im Januar Trainer Friedhelm. Die Auf- und Absteiger. Die Zusammensetzung der Bundesliga ändert sich jedes Spieljahr durch den Abstieg der letztplatzierten Vereine, die im Gegenzug durch.
#Wissenswert: Die Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der 1. und 2. Handball-BundesligaFür Düsseldorf ist es der sechste Bundesliga-Abstieg nach , , , und Der Klub hatte im Januar Trainer Friedhelm. Die Auf- und Absteiger. Die Zusammensetzung der Bundesliga ändert sich jedes Spieljahr durch den Abstieg der letztplatzierten Vereine, die im Gegenzug durch. Liga zu werden. Die geringste Punktzahl eines Tabellen betrug: 31 Punkte. Übersicht der "ersten Nichtabsteiger" (nach Abstiegsmodus der aktuellen Saison).
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If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement.
However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives.
Nine substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. The number of German clubs which may participate in UEFA competitions is determined by UEFA coefficients , which take into account the results of a particular nation's clubs in UEFA competitions over the preceding five years.
That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit. The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance among Europe's five major leagues.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga required every club to run a youth academy with the aim of developing local talent for the club and the national team.
This in turn allows more money to be spent on the smaller number of players that are bought. In the s, the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title.
This contrasted with Spain's La Liga , dominated by the "Big Two" of Barcelona and Real Madrid, the English Premier League dominated by a "Big Four" Manchester United, Chelsea, Liverpool, and Arsenal , as well as France's Ligue 1 , won seven consecutive years by Lyon.
For a number of years, the clubs in the Bundesliga have been subject to regulations not unlike the UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations agreed upon in September At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 per cent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current 3.
Liga member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams. Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties.
In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.
Out of Europe's five major football leagues Premier League , La Liga , Ligue 1 , and Serie A , the Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report.
Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere. According to Bundesliga chief executive Christian Seifert , tickets are inexpensive especially for standing room as "It is not in the clubs' culture so much [to raise prices].
They are very fan orientated". Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last ten seasons:.
The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the relegation playoffs, 2. Bundesliga and DFL-Supercup. From to to —19, Bundesliga matches were broadcast on TV in Germany on Sky Deutschland and Eurosport.
Prior to the —20 season, Eurosport sublicensed its broadcast rights to sports streaming service DAZN , which will broadcast games previously allocated to Eurosport until the conclusion of the —21 season.
Starting with the —19 season, Sky began arranging simulcasts of high-profile Saturday games on free TV to promote its coverage of the league.
The April Revierderby was broadcast on Das Erste , and two additional games during the —20 season were broadcast on ZDF. Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations.
The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries. In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe.
As a result of this partnership, Fox Sports replaced GOL TV as United States rightsholder beginning in the —16 season. In Canada, broadcast rights were sub-licensed to Sportsnet and Sportsnet World.
In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, the Bundesliga is broadcast live on BT Sport. In , digital TV operator StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for five years starting from to season.
In total, 43 clubs have won the German championship , including titles won before the Bundesliga's inception and those in the East German Oberliga.
The record champions are Bayern Munich with 30 titles,  ahead of BFC Dynamo Berlin with 10 all in East Germany and 1.
FC Nürnberg with 9. In , the honour of "Verdiente Meistervereine" roughly "distinguished champion clubs" was introduced, following a custom first practised in Italy  to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
Each country's usage is unique and in Germany the practice is to award one star for three titles, two stars for five titles, three stars for 10 titles, and four stars for 20 titles.
The former East German side BFC Dynamo laid claim to the three stars of a time champion. They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply.
BFC Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. This caused some debate given what may be the tainted nature of their championships under the patronage of East Germany's secret police, the Stasi.
The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions. In November , the DFB allowed all former champions to display a single star inscribed with the number of titles, including all German men's titles since , women's titles since and East German titles.
The DFB format only applies to teams playing below the Bundesliga below the top two divisions , since the DFL conventions apply in the Bundesliga.
Greuther Fürth unofficially display three silver stars for pre-war titles in spite of being in the Bundesliga second division. These stars are a permanent part of their crest.
However, Fürth has to leave the stars out on their jersey. Since June , the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga.
The number in parentheses is for Bundesliga titles won. In addition, a system of one star designation was adopted for use.
This system is intended to take into account not only Bundesliga titles but also other now defunct national championships.
As of July , the following clubs are allowed to wear one star while playing outside the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for total league championships won over the course of German football history, and would be displayed within the star.
Some teams listed here had different names while winning their respective championships, these names are also noted in parentheses. For the first time in , the Bundesliga was given its own logo to distinguish itself.
Six years later, the logo was revamped into a portrait orientation, which was used until A new logo was announced for the —11 season in order to modernise the brand logo for all media platforms.
In December , it was announced that a new logo would be used for the —18 season, modified slightly for digitisation requirements, featuring a matte look.
The development of Bundesliga and subsequent successes have been influential on the development of other national leagues in the world.
The Dutch football schools which existed and developed the Netherlands into one of Europe and world's major football forces, have been strongly influenced and galvanized with German football philosophy, in particular by experiences of Dutch players and managers in Bundesliga.
Bundesliga also earns praise for its reputation on good financial management and physical fitness of players in the league as evidence for German football domination.
Outside Europe, the J. League of Japan, which was founded in , was strongly influenced by the philosophy of Bundesliga. The J.
League since then has managed to establish itself as one of the best football leagues in Asia, in which it shares a beneficial relationship with the German counterpart.
Bundesliga has managed to outwit Premier League of England in in online influence in China, having been accredited for its open embracement of live-streaming and fast-forward visions.
Boldface indicates a player still active in the Bundesliga. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from German Bundesliga. This article is about the German men's football league.
For the German women's football league, see Frauen-Bundesliga. For other uses, see Bundesliga disambiguation. Association football league.
DFB-Pokal DFL-Supercup. UEFA Champions League UEFA Europa League UEFA Europa Conference League. Further information: History of German football.
Main article: Introduction of the Bundesliga. Main article: —21 Bundesliga. Union Berlin. Main article: Bundesliga attendance.
Main article: List of German football champions. Logo used from to Logo used from to and — Logo used during the —13 season , the 50th Bundesliga season.
See also: List of Bundesliga players. See also: List of Bundesliga top scorers. Bert Kassies. Retrieved 10 November Sport Business.
Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 10 January Who leads the way, after Thomas Müller set a new single-season Bundesliga assist record last term?
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